Are Italian young people without a job less inclined to go abroad than their European peers?

Are Italian young people without a job less inclined to go abroad than their European peers?

April 13, 2018

Livia Simongini

The readiness to go abroad of young Italian unemployed people is lower than the European average, but the opposite occurs for inactive ones. In both case, indeed, young Italian people who relocate to find a job are willing to go far

 

A few weeks ago, Eurostat released a note concerning young people and labour market. Within the EU framework Italian unemployed young people turned out to be among the less available to leave their residence for working purposes. Is this the old story of the young Italian guys tied to their mothers’ apron strings versus their more autonomous European mates? Actually, Eurostat data portray a composite picture.

 
Are Italian young people without a job less inclined to go abroad than their European peers?
Source: Eurostat
 

First, unemployed Italian young [1] people’s mobility inside the country, equal to 19%, is below the European average by just 1 percentage point. The indicator is even above the average for those with a high level of education (27% in Italy with respect to 23% in the EU).

In the second place, unemployed Italian young people willing to move abroad are ready to go far. As a matter of fact, the 67% of them would rather go outside the EU. Excluding the UK (81%), it is one of highest percentage recorded in the main European countries.

 
Are Italian young people without a job less inclined to go abroad than their European peers?
Source: Eurostat
 

Moreover, focusing on the sole unemployed group leaves aside the propensity to move of a relevant segment of young population, the inactive people. The latter are defined as individuals neither employed nor unemployed. Therefore, they naturally include students, but also young people not searching for a job, because of a discouragement attitude toward the likelihood of finding it. Job mobility of young inactive Italians is high, since 49% of them would relocate (either inside or outside the country) while the European average is 39%. The share of young inactive Italians ready to go outside the EU is equal to 26%, about 10 percentage points over their French peers and 6 more than the Spanish ones; when considering those inactive individuals with a tertiary education level, Italy goes up to 38% (the EU average is 22%).

Finally, young unemployed in Southern Italy, due to the greater difficulty of finding a job locally, are more inclined to move than their compatriots and prefer to relocate within the country instead of abroad.

 
Are Italian young people without a job less inclined to go abroad than their European peers?
Source: Istat
 
 
[1]  Data in the column concern people aged 13-34. They are the outcome of an ad hoc module of the Labour Force survey referred to 2016.
 
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